Definition and types of Prime movers in power plant engineering

Definition and types of Prime movers in power plant engineering

Prime movers. The prime mover converts steam energy into mechanical energy. There are two types of steam prime movers:

  1. Steam engines
  2. Steam turbines

A steam turbine has several advantages over a steam engine as a prime mover:

  • –> High efficiency.
  • –> Simple construction.
  • –> Higher speed.
  • –> Less floor area requirement and low maintenance cost.
    Definition and types of Prime movers in power plant engineering
    Image of Turbine

Therefore, all modern steam power stations employ steam turbines as prime movers. Steam turbines are generally classified into two types according to the action of steam on moving blades.

  1. Impulse turbines.
  2. Reactions turbines.

Impulse turbines: In an impulse turbine, the steam expands completely in the stationary nozzles (or fixed blades), the pressure over the moving blades remaining constant. In doing so, the steam attains a high velocity and impinges against the moving blades. This results in the impulsive force on the moving blades which sets the rotor rotating.

Reactions turbines: In a reaction turbine, the steam is partially expanded in the stationary nozzles, the remaining expansion takes place during its flow over the moving blades. The result is that the momentum of the steam causes a reaction force on the moving blades which sets the rotor in motion.

#collected from principle of power plant engineering by VK mehta’s.

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