Advantages & Disadvantages of Steam Power Station (Thermal Station)

Advantages & Disadvantages of Steam Power Station (Thermal Station)

A generating station which converts heat energy of coal combustion into electrical energy is known as a steam power station.

A steam power station basically works on the Rankine cycle. Steam is produced in the boiler by utilising the heat of coal combustion. The steam is then expanded in the prime mover (i.e., steam turbine) and is condensed in a condenser to be fed into the boiler again. The steam turbine drives the alternator which converts mechanical energy of the turbine into electrical energy. This type of power station is suitable where coal and water are available in abundance and a large amount of electric power is to be generated.Advantages & Disadvantages of Steam Power Station (Thermal Station)


  • The fuel (i.e., coal) used is quite cheap.
  • Less initial cost as compared to other generating stations.
  • It can be installed at any place irrespective of the existence of coal. The coal can be transported to the site of the plant by rail or road.
  • It requires less space as compared to the hydroelectric power station.
  • The cost of generation is lesser than that of the diesel power station.


  • It pollutes the atmosphere due to the production of large amount of smoke and fumes.
  • It is costlier in running cost as compared to hydroelectric plant.

#collected from principle of power plant engineering by VK mehta’s.

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